Rickover, Admiral Hyman George

[br]
b. 27 January 1900 Russian Poland
d. 8 July 1986 Arlington, Virginia, USA
[br]
Polish/American naval officer, one of the principal architects of the United States nuclear submarine programme.
[br]
Born in Poland, Rickover was brought to the United States early in his life by his father, who settled in Chicago as a tailor. Commissioned into the US Navy in 1922, he specialized in electrical engineering (graduating from the US Naval Postgraduate School, Columbia, in 1929), quali-fied as a Submariner in 1931 and then held various posts until appointed Head of the Electrical Section of the Bureau of Ships in 1939. He held this post until the end of the Second World War.
Rickover was involved briefly in the "Manhattan" atomic bomb project before being assigned to an atomic energy submarine project in 1946. Ultimately he was made responsible for the development and building of the world's first nuclear submarine, the USS Nautilus. He was convinced of the need to make the nuclear submarine an instrument of strategic importance, and this led to the development of the ballistic missile submarine and the Polaris programme.
Throughout his career he was no stranger to controversy; indeed, his remaining on the active service list as a full admiral until the age of 82 (when forced to retire on the direct intervention of the Navy Secretary) indicates a man beyond the ordinary. He imposed his will on all around him and backed it with a brilliant and clear-thinking brain; his influence was even felt by the Royal Navy during the building of the first British nuclear submarine, HMS Dreadnought. He made many friends, but he also had many detractors.
[br]
Principal Honours and Distinctions
US Distinguished Service Medal with Gold Star. Honorary CBE. US Congress Special Gold Medal 1959. Numerous awards and honorary degrees.
Bibliography
Rickover wrote several treatises on education and on the education of engineers. He also wrote on several aspects of the technical history of the US Navy.
Further Reading
W.R.Anderson and C.Blair, 1959, Nautilus 90 North, London: Hodder \& Stoughton. E.L.Beach, 1986, The United States Navy, New York: Henry Holt.
FMW

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hyman George Rickover — Hyman Rickover (1955) Hyman George Rickover (* 27. Januar 1900 in Maków Mazowiecki; † 8. Juli 1986 in Arlington, Virginia) war ein Viersterne Admiral der US Marine. Er ist als der „Vater der Nuklearmarine“ weithin anerkannt. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • RICKOVER, HYMAN GEORGE — (1900–1986), U.S. naval officer; father of the atomic powered submarine. Rickover, born in Russian Poland, was taken by his family to Chicago in 1906, where his father became a tailor. He graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1922 and …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Rickover,Hyman George — Rick·o·ver (rĭkʹō vər), Hyman George. 1900 1986. American admiral who advocated and greatly contributed to the development of nuclear submarines and ships. He was also an outspoken critic of the American educational system. * * * …   Universalium

  • Hyman George Rickover — noun United States admiral who advocated the development of nuclear submarines (1900 1986) • Syn: ↑Rickover, ↑Hyman Rickover • Instance Hypernyms: ↑naval officer …   Useful english dictionary

  • Rickover, Hyman George — (b. 1900)    US naval engineer. Rickover was the son of a tailor who emigrated from Poland to the United States when the boy was six years of age. He was commissioned in the US navy and spent three years in the submarine service. Later he studied …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Hyman G. Rickover — Hyman Rickover (1955) Hyman George Rickover (* 27. Januar 1900 in Maków Mazowiecki; † 8. Juli 1986 in Arlington, Virginia) war ein Viersterne Admiral der US Marine. Er ist als der „Vater der Nuklearmarine“ weithin anerkannt. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rickover — Hyman Rickover (1955) Hyman George Rickover (* 27. Januar 1900 in Maków Mazowiecki; † 8. Juli 1986 in Arlington, Virginia) war ein Viersterne Admiral der US Marine. Er ist als der „Vater der Nuklearmarine“ weithin anerkannt. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hyman Rickover — (1955) Hyman George Rickover (* 27. Januar 1900 in Maków Mazowiecki, Polen, Russisches Kaiserreich, heute Polen; † 8. Juli 1986 in Arlington, Virginia) war ein Admiral der US Navy …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hyman G. Rickover — Infobox Military Person name= Hyman George Rickover born= birth date|1900|1|27 died= death date|1986|7|8 died= placeofbirth= Maków Mazowiecki, Poland placeofdeath= Arlington, Virginia caption= nickname= Father of the Nuclear Navy allegiance=… …   Wikipedia

  • Hyman — is the surname of: * Alan Hyman author and screenwriter * Alan Hyman, property lawyer * Albert Hyman (1893 1972), co inventor of the artificial pacemaker * Dick Hyman (born 1927), American jazz pianist/keyboardist and composer * Flora ( Flo )… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.